Time: at least 5.5 hours (ICBC requirement)
Step 1: Get the new worksheet during the Nov-27 class. If you don't have a reserved seat in that class, send an email 3 days before the class to schedule a time to get the worksheet (not available online).
Step 2: Start your phone's timer at 5.5 hours and pause it each time you need a break from this assignment. Spread the hours over as many days as possible before the worksheet's due date.
Step 3: Ask 3 people to go to noidroc.ca and answer A-B-C-D. Use a pen (not pencil) to print (not write) their answers on the worksheet.
Time: approximately 15 minutes
Step 4: Find a driver who has been in a crash while they were in the driver's seat and who has never been interviewed for someone else's worksheet, then use a pen to print/draw 4 things on the worksheet:
1) number of years that they have been driving
2) number of crashes that they have experienced while driving
3) diagram for one crash (indicate vehicles with letters and arrows)
4) description (refer to vehicles by letters) and consequences of crash
Time: approximately 15 minutes
Step 5: Scroll down past the ICBC manual, tap "Chapter 6" and read that chapter, then read each of the related Test Units and use a pen to do one of the following after each Unit's ### on the worksheet:
Fill in the "O" if any of the Unit's facts are new (not in the manual).
Put a "" after the "O" if none of the Unit's facts are new.
Repeat this process with every Chapter, Appendix, and Unit below. You may find it easier to pass this test if you refer to a paper copy of the manual as you read the Test Units. You will need to complete a new worksheet if too many "O's" are incorrectly marked.
Time: 1.5 hours for a fast reader, much longer for a slow reader
Step 6: Tap the videos bar at the bottom of this page and watch the time span specified under each video. During your next class, you may need to summarize what you learned from the videos.
Time: approximately 34 minutes
Step 7: Find some YouTube videos (HD only) about driving topics that interest you. Select at least 2 of the most interesting videos, copy and paste their URLs into an email, put your name in the subject line, and send your email to the address at the top of this page.
Time: depends on how much time you spent on Step 5
Step 8: Tap the top image and review the course information.
Step 9: Hand in your worksheet during the Dec-04 class. If you don't have a reserved seat in that class, send an email 3 days before the class to schedule a time to hand in your work (no online submissions).
Step 10: Several days after your final class, check your inbox for an assignment status email (save it until 2025). If your assignment is incomplete, you can schedule a time to pick up a new worksheet.
Some of these Units are condensed (">" indicates a paragraph break) and some contain facts that are subject to change.
601: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 179: If there are no traffic control signals or the signals aren't working, yield to a pedestrian in a crosswalk if they are on the half of the highway on which you are travelling, or they are approaching that half of the highway so closely that they are in danger; however, they must not leave a curb or other place of safety if your vehicle is so close that it's not practicable for you to yield.
602: Don't yield to jaywalkers, but take steps to protect them. You can look for shadows, look under parked vehicles to see feet standing between parked vehicles, reduce your speed and cover your brake to reduce your stopping distance, communicate with your horn, and/or steer to increase the space between your vehicle and where a pedestrian is or may be. > BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 180: If there is no crosswalk, pedestrians must yield to vehicles. > BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 179: Don't pass a vehicle that's slowing or stopped at a crosswalk or intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross.
603: Lin v. Wong (1992): When there's a marked crosswalk on one side of an intersection, the extension of a sidewalk on the other side of the intersection is no longer an unmarked crosswalk and pedestrians shouldn't cross there. > According to some municipal street and traffic bylaws, pedestrians should move, when practicable, on the right half of crosswalks.
604: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 182: If there's a reasonably passable sidewalk on either side of a highway, a pedestrian must not walk on the roadway. If there is no sidewalk, a pedestrian must walk only on the extreme left side of the roadway or the shoulder of the highway, facing traffic approaching from the opposite direction. A person must not be on a roadway to solicit a ride, employment, or business from the occupant of a vehicle.
605: Nelson (Guardian ad Litem of) v. Shinske (1991): The duty of a driver to maintain a proper lookout and take care is not only triggered upon seeing a hazard, but involves some duty to anticipate certain hazards or risks; therefore, even where a clearly observable pedestrian is unlawfully using a marked crosswalk, a driver who does not see the pedestrian will be partly liable for a collision.
606: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 181: Exercise due care to avoid colliding with a pedestrian on a highway (use the horn when necessary). > BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 196: On a mountain highway or in a canyon, keep your vehicle under control and as near the right edge of the highway as reasonably possible. When you approach a curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of 60 m, you must give a warning with your horn.
607: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 183: A cyclist has the same rights and duties as a driver, must ride as near as practicable to the right side of the road, must not ride beside another cyclist (motorcyclists can ride in pairs), must keep at least one hand on the handlebars, must not carry more persons than the cycle was designed for, and must not ride on a sidewalk or crosswalk unless authorized by a bylaw or a sign.
608: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 182.1: A person who is under the age of 16 years commits an offence if they operate a motor assisted cycle on a highway. A parent or guardian of a person under the age of 16 years commits an offence if they authorize or knowingly permit the person to operate a motor assisted cycle on a highway.
609: Ormiston v. ICBC (2012, 2015): A cyclist was forced off the road when a van (stopped in a traffic lane) moved right and forced the cyclist off the road as he was passing on the right. The cyclist was 100% at fault (30% before the appeal) because there wasn't a lane on the right of the van as required by the BC Motor Vehicle Act Sections 183 and 158.1. > In Ontario, a vehicle must leave at least 1 meter of space when passing a cyclist.
610: Increase your following distance when you're behind a motorcycle because it can stop faster than you can. > Two motorcycles can legally travel side by side. > By riding in the left part of a lane, a motorcyclist can avoid the darker oily area in the center of the lane and be more visible to approaching traffic. > Specific or non-specific laws may prohibit motorcycles from splitting lanes.
611: After passing a large and heavy vehicle, leave lots of space before moving into that vehicle's lane. Never change lanes in front of a large and heavy vehicle and then slow down for a turn because that heavy vehicle cannot slow down as quickly as you can. If you want to turn right ahead, slow down and change lanes behind the heavy vehicle.
612: If you stay well back from large vehicles, you can look well ahead and see hazards in time to react properly. If you notice traffic ahead is slowing or stopped, you can release your accelerator early and coast (doing this helps conserve fuel, brakes, and tires). > Many trucks have back bumpers that are not strong enough to prevent underride crashes.
613: When you stop behind a vehicle facing uphill, leave additional space ahead of you because the vehicle could roll back and hit you when the driver is ready to proceed and moves his foot from the brake to the accelerator. > When you're near another vehicle, consider whether the driver can see you. Avoid driving in a vehicle's blind spots and blind zone.
614: Stopping well back from a stop line creates space ahead to move into to avoid a rear-ender (this also helps protect pedestrians in front of you), reduces the odds of being in a secondary crash, and helps trucks turning at the intersection. > With 2 lanes in one direction, some large vehicles will move into the left lane before turning right, so don't move into the space that's right of a large vehicle slowing before a turn.
615: A large vehicle may have an engine retarder (engine brake, Jake brake) that the driver can activate to slow the vehicle without using the regular brakes; therefore, there will not be any brake lights to warn you of the speed reduction. The engine retarder is loud. When following a large vehicle, listen for the sound of an engine retarder so you'll know when the vehicle is slowing.
616: Heavy vehicles can damage roads. The maximum GVW (weight of vehicle and load) allowed in BC is 63,500 kg unless the vehicle has a temporary overweight permit. Weight is checked at scales and must be distributed over each axle according to rules. Commercial vehicles with a GVW over 5,500 kg must stop at scales. Recreational vehicles don't need to stop at scales.
617: If you encounter a logging truck on one of BC's back roads, you must yield. > An orange pyramid with red borders sign (often found on the back of farm equipment) indicates a slow moving vehicle. > A horizontal bar with red and white vertical stripes sign on the front or back of a large vehicle or pilot car indicates an oversize load.
618: If a school bus displays flashing, alternating red lights at the top and/or the stop sign swung out, don't pass even if the bus is on the other side of the road unless there's a median or boulevard between you and the bus. If only the lower, regular amber hazard lights are flashing, you can cautiously pass if you are certain no one is crossing the road.
619: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 169.1: When passing a transit bus that's stopped on a highway with a speed limit of 60 km/h or less, you must yield to the bus if the driver signals left and the bus has a sign or signal device requiring you to yield; however, the bus must not move into the travelled portion of the highway unless it's safe to do so.
620: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 177: On the immediate approach of an emergency vehicle with its lights and siren activated (unless it's on the other side of a median or boulevard), move to the nearest edge of the road (clear of an intersection) and stop until the emergency vehicle has passed. > Vancouver Street and Traffic Bylaw 50: Move to the right edge of the road and stop for an emergency vehicle unless it's on the other side of a median or boulevard.
621: If the police signal you to pull over and stop, pull off the road in a safe spot as soon as possible and position your vehicle so the officer has minimal risk from traffic, turn on your hazard lights, stay in your vehicle, remove your sunglasses, ensure both of your hands are visible, and don't make any unexpected, sudden, or strange moves.
622: BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 47: To pass a stopped vehicle that's displaying flashing red, blue, or yellow lights (emergency responders, garbage and recycling trucks, tow trucks, highway maintenance vehicles, animal control officers, conservation officers, surveyors, park rangers, etc.), slow to 70 km/h in an 80 km/h or higher zone or slow to 40 km/h in an under 80 km/h zone.
623: BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 47: To pass a stopped vehicle that's displaying flashing red, blue, or yellow lights on a multi-lane road, change lanes if it's safe to do so and leave one lane of space between your vehicle and the stopped vehicle. Do this when the stopped vehicle is on your side of the road or when it's on the other side of the road unless there's a median or boulevard between you and the stopped vehicle.
624: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 199: Don't drive over an unprotected fire hose unless directed to do so by the police or a fire official. BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 198: Don't follow closer than 150 m to any fire apparatus that has its lights and siren activated, and don't drive or park within 150 m of the place on a highway on which it has stopped to answer an alarm. Vancouver Street and Traffic Bylaw 56: Stay a city block back from any fire apparatus that has its lights and siren activated. A blue reflector on the road indicates a fire hydrant is nearby.
625: Traffic fines double in construction zones. A construction zone speed limit applies 24 hours a day, even if construction workers are not present. > If you're stopped for more than 10 seconds in a construction zone, you can save fuel and decrease emissions if you turn off your engine and restart it when traffic begins to move.
626: Stop no closer than 5 m and no further back than 15 m from a train crossing with a flashing red light. After you stop at a crossing that doesn't have a crossing gate, you can proceed when its safe (even if the red light is still flashing) as long as you don't stop on the other side of the tracks with less than 5 m between the tracks and the back of your vehicle. If there's a gate, you cannot drive around it.
627: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 185.1: It's illegal to drive across train tracks if a train is approaching within 500 m of the crossing. Passenger trains sometimes travel up to 160 km/h in Canada and they can need up to 2 km to stop. If there are twin tracks and a train passes on the nearest track, don't proceed before checking for an approaching train on the farthest track.
628: When driving with a standard transmission, don't shift gears while crossing train tracks (if the engine stalls, you could get stuck on the tracks). If a vehicle is stuck on the tracks, move the occupants at least 30 m away from the tracks and away from the direction debris will be thrown if a train hits the vehicle. To warn a train, call 911 or look for the Transport Canada number on the back of the railway crossing sign.

629: Horse riders and horse carriage operators have the same rights and duties as vehicle drivers and they can use most public roads. If a horse rider or carriage operator causes a crash, they can be held liable for any damages. > Horses may be startled by any sudden movement or noise, so leave extra space, pass slowly, and avoid using the horn.

Some of these Units are condensed (">" indicates a paragraph break) and some contain facts that are subject to change.
701: Even though 80% of driving is visual, listening is important. Driving with a window at least slightly open on both sides of the vehicle helps you hear noises from your vehicle, trains, emergency vehicles, and vehicles in your blind spots; however, ensure the top edge of a partially opened window is at a height that won't injure vehicle occupants during a crash.
702: Being tired is one of the leading causes of crashes. Fatigue can slow your thinking, increase your reaction time, and cause you to scan inaccurately. When you're tired, avoid too much heat in the car and don't eat any heavy meals as they can cause you to feel more sleepy. Don't wait too long to pull off the road in a safe area and take a nap.
703: GLP drivers may not use a hands-free communication or electronic device (except for a 911 call to report an emergency), but they can listen to music through a vehicle's sound system from a portable player if it's not hand-held or operated. > R. v. Skull (2013): The crown doesn't need to prove that a hand-held cell phone is capable of transmitting or receiving.
704: Grzelak v. BC (2019): The driver had earbuds in his ears and a dead phone in the dashboard's cubbyhole; therefore, the driver was holding part of an electronic device (the earbuds) in a position (in his ears) in which it could be used and it's irrelevant that the battery was dead. There was a $368 fine, 4 penalty points, and an ICBC penalty fee of $210 for using an electronic device while driving.
705: R. v. Sangha (2020): The driver was seen holding a cell phone in his hand on his thigh after picking it up from the floor after a sudden stop. The driver said he had to pick it up due to safety concerns; however, the "Defence of Necessity" and due diligence do not apply in this case. R. v. Dagelman (2018): A driver who is stopped at a stop sign with the vehicle in "P" and a cell phone in their hand is "driving on a highway".
706: Some police forces use high resolution cameras with low light capabilities and ultra-long range lenses to catch distracted drivers from more than 1 km away. These cameras can be operated by remote control. First time offenders receive a $368 ticket and 4 penalty points for a total fine of $543.
707: Impaired driving is the leading cause of criminal death and injury in Canada. Since April 2017, police can take a breathalyzer sample from any driver they stop. Before that date, the police needed reasonable suspicion of alcohol impairment. > A person who is unable to trigger a breathalyzer (due to Bell's palsy, bronchitis, etc.) can be penalized as if they were impaired.
708: One drink (12 oz of beer or cooler, 5 oz of wine, or 1.5 oz of 80 proof spirits) will result in a 0.02 to 0.05 BAC (blood alcohol concentration) that will return to a 0 BAC in 1.5 to 3 hours (subject to health, body type, gender, fatigue, food eaten, age, type of alcohol). Only the passage of time will reduce a person's BAC. A cold shower, exercise, coffee, or food will not reduce a person's BAC.
709: Here are some physiological effects of alcohol: increased reaction time, eyes blinded by glare, loss of depth perception and peripheral vision. > If someone's guest drinks alcohol, and then drives and crashes, that host/hostess may be liable. > Criminal Code of Canada Section 253: Even if a vehicle is not moving, a drug or alcohol impaired person with care or control of the vehicle (near the vehicle with its keys in their possession) commits an offence.
710: Soto v. Peel (2013): A vehicle's owner normally shared his car with his roommate and the keys were left on a hook. One day the owner learned his roommate was drinking, but the owner didn't remove the keys from the hook; therefore, the vehicle's owner didn't revoke his consent for his roommate to use the vehicle. The owner is liable for his roommate's crash.
711: Raj v. British Columbia (2019): When a peace officer requests the driver's licence of someone who is being accused of driving while impaired and the accused presents the wrong card to the peace officer, this error may be used as circumstantial evidence of the driver's impairment and the weight of this evidence will depend on the circumstances.
712: If the police believe a driver has taken drugs, they can require physical coordination testing at the roadside. If the driver fails this roadside testing, the police can require a drug recognition evaluation at the police station where blood, urine, and/or saliva samples can be collected. A refusal to comply with a drug recognition evaluation is a criminal offence.
713: Roadside drug testing can detect opiates, amphetamines, methamphetamines (ecstasy, MDMA), cocaine, benzodiazepines, ketamine, and cannabis. THC (found in cannabis) collects in the body's fatty tissues over time and someone who isn't impaired may test positive for THC. There's up to a $1,000 fine and 10 years in jail if there are 5 ng of THC per ml of blood and alcohol is also detected.
714: Because the US doesn't recognize cannabis as a legal industry, anyone who is even tangentially involved with cannabis can be charged with "living off the avails of crime". This is a violation of federal law and can result in a lifetime ban from entering the US. Even admitting to using cannabis can lead to a lifetime ban. Online cannabis purchases with credit cards leave a data trail.
715: To avoid aggravating others, know the rules of the road and follow them, avoid playing music too loudly, merge properly and understand the importance of alternating lanes, signal early, don't tailgate, don't use the left lane unless necessary, promptly dim your high beams, center your vehicle in parking spaces, and don't take up more than one parking space.
716: Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless and colorless gas. It's a result of combustion and it's found in car exhaust. CO poisoning can resemble fatigue and it is sometimes accompanied by dizziness, nausea, breathlessness, headache, and a cherry red color of the mucous tissues. Victims of CO poisoning need immediate access to fresh air.
Some of these Units are condensed (">" indicates a paragraph break) and some contain facts that are subject to change.
801: If the back of your vehicle skids sideways (oversteers), eliminate any skid catalysts such as accelerating or braking, look and steer in the direction you were travelling before the skid, and be ready to correct any counterskids (fish-tailing). To reduce the risk of hydroplaning on a wet road (water depth affects risk), ensure the tires have adequate tread and proper pressure, and decrease speed before driving through standing water.
802: You cannot steer a vehicle with standard brakes if you apply the brakes hard enough to lock the front wheels. If an obstacle appears ahead when you're driving with standard brakes, brake hard in a straight line; and then, release the brakes before the obstacle and focus on the available space (not the obstacle) when steering around it.
803: An ABS vehicle, with the brakes applied fully, shudders and the brake pedal vibrates because the brakes pulse many times a second. You can steer an ABS vehicle with the brakes applied fully because the brakes won't lock the wheels, but you can skid off a road in a curve if you're driving too fast for the available friction. The friction of sliding tires is less than the friction of rotating tires.
804: On deformable surfaces (snow, gravel, leaves, sand, etc.), ABS may increase stopping distance by up to 30% because an ABS braked wheel (unlike a standard brake's locked wheel) can't dig into the loose surface, push a mound of the surface material in front of the wheels, and contact the solid road bed under the loose surface. Some off-road drivers disable ABS (by removing the vehicle's ABS fuse) to decrease their braking distances.
805: Avoid driving when the sun is low on the horizon ahead of you because the glare affects your ability to see what's ahead and a driver behind you may not see you. Avoid driving when the sun is low behind you because anyone approaching you or entering the road from a driveway or intersection ahead of you may not see you. > To minimize glare, periodically clean the inside and outside of your windshield. Even if the inside of the windshield looks clean, there can be an invisible film caused by the off-gassing of the interior components of the passenger compartment. This film increases glare.
806: Turning on the air conditioning while turning on the defroster with heat can help clear foggy windows without cooling the vehicle, but up to 25% more fuel is used to run the air conditioning components. To avoid using the air conditioning to reduce the humidity of the air inside the vehicle, set the ventilation control to bring in less humid outside air or partly open the windows.
807: The road is more slippery after light or infrequent rain than after heavy or frequent rain (it washes away the oil and dust on the road). > When moving water is as deep as a vehicle's floor pan, it can carry the vehicle away and damage the transmission and the engine. Drive slowly through deep water, and afterwards, lightly apply the brakes to dry them. > It's illegal to splash pedestrians.
808: Braking distance can increase up to 10 times on ice. Temperatures near freezing are more dangerous than colder temperatures because ice may form unexpectedly and not be visible. If the wheels lock while braking without ABS on snow or ice, rapidly apply and release the brakes (pumping the brakes) to help maintain steering control.
809: Black ice caused by moisture freezing on the road may be difficult to see, but the road may look shiny black instead of grey-white. > Shaded areas, overpasses, and bridges may freeze quickly and still be icy after the sun has thawed other parts of the road. > When you start to drive in slippery conditions, test the vehicle's braking and steering at a slow speed.
810: BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 35.04: Secure any load so it cannot leak, blow off, fall from, spill, or shift and affect the vehicle's manoeuvrability. Not clearing snow off a vehicle can be 3 violations: snow on windows blocks view, snow on surfaces is an unsecure load, snow on licence plate obstructs it. When a vehicle is stuck in soft ground, some people put the floor mats by the vehicle's driven wheels to enhance traction. If this doesn't help, they rock the vehicle back and forth by alternating between "D" and "R".
811: When stranded in snow, stay with your vehicle unless you're sure you can reach help. Be aware of the risks and symptoms of CO poisoning (carbon monoxide is odorless and colorless), don't run the engine for warmth for more than several minutes per hour, ensure the exhaust pipe isn't blocked with snow, keep a window slightly open for fresh air, and have someone stay awake at all times.
812: Small cars, motorcycles, taller vehicles, campers, and trailers can be blown into your path in locations with crosswinds. > Turbulence from passing trucks can move vehicles. As you approach large vehicles, keep a steady grip on the steering wheel and be aware that water or slush on the road can be thrown onto your windows, so turn on the wipers before the splash occurs.
813: Briefly flashing your high beams may warn others to dim theirs, but if they don't and the bright lights approach, you can make a viewing slit with your fingers, squint, or focus on the edge of the road to stay in your lane. If the bright lights are behind you, set your mirror in the night position. > Don't just look for lights at night, also look for motion (vehicles with lights off, cyclists, pedestrians, animals, etc.).
814: If your tire blows, avoid abrupt braking or steering as this may cause a skid; instead, grip the steering wheel firmly, ease off the accelerator, brake gently, and pull over with the hazard lights flashing. > Safe-T-Plus is an aftermarket steering control device for heavier vehicles that helps the driver maintain steering control after a tire blows or they drift onto the shoulder.
815: If your brakes fail while driving, try pumping the brake pedal hard and fast. If this doesn't help, you can apply the parking brake (engage the parking brake release for variable control of the braking force) and shift to lower gears to help slow down. If you can't stop, steer up a slope, steer towards something with give, steer onto a deformable surface which will help reduce your speed, or steer so you hit an object at an angle.
816: Before driving, check the floor mat's position to ensure it doesn't interfere with the pedals. If the accelerator pedal sticks while driving, try lifting it with your toe, but if this doesn't help, shift to "N" (don't use the shift release which allows you to shift to "R") to disconnect the engine from the driven wheels. > If the accelerator is pressed to the floor when you shift to "N", you can damage an engine that doesn't have a rev limiter.
817: In areas where wildlife may be present, you can use the left lane to increase the space between your vehicle and the side of the road where wildlife may suddenly appear; however, if a vehicle approaches you from behind when the speed limit is 80 km/h or higher and traffic is moving at least 50 km/h, you must move right when safe to do so and allow that vehicle to pass unless you're passing traffic, or helping traffic merge, or avoiding a hazard, or keeping space from a stopped emergency vehicle.
818: Making a noise (tapping on hood, sounding horn, etc.) before starting a vehicle's engine can help scare away a cat or other animal hiding inside the engine compartment. This saves the animal from being injured when the engine starts. > Wildlife often moves around to feed at dusk and dawn. Unusual spots of light at night may be the reflection of your headlights off an animal's eyes. Scan the sides of the road ahead and know that animals often move in herds, so if you see one, there may be others.
819: If an oncoming vehicle approaches on your side of the road, try using the horn to alert the other driver. If the vehicle doesn't return to their lane, it's usually better to steer right as the oncoming driver may instinctively steer to their right at the last second. If you're forced off the road, you can reduce crash impact by steering for something with give like bushes or snow banks. Avoid trees, parked cars, walls, boulders, or other objects without give.
820: Before crossing a center line to pass a vehicle, look well ahead for oncoming traffic, ensure no one is passing you, and look for driveways and intersections ahead on both the left and the right as a driver could turn into your path. > If you drive on a gravel shoulder to avoid an oncoming vehicle on your side of the road, do not abruptly steer or abruptly brake as this can cause a skid.
821: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 157: Except in any place where passing on the right is permitted, when the driver of a vehicle being passed hears the horn of a passing vehicle, the driver being passed must cause their vehicle to give way to the right in favour of the passing vehicle and must not increase speed until after being completely passed by the other vehicle.
822: Because Kinetic Energy = ½mv², as the speed of a vehicle increases, the stopping distance and the severity of a crash increase exponentially; for example, travel 2 times faster and the crash forces are 4 times greater; travel 3 times faster and the crash forces are 9 times greater; travel 4 times faster and the crash forces are 16 times greater.
823: Do the following after a crash: shift to "P" if possible, apply the parking brake and turn off the engine, avoid moving if injured unless necessary for safety, protect the scene from other vehicles, call 911 if needed, help others if you can, get contact info from witnesses even if the vehicle damage is minor, take photos of the crash scene and any vehicle damage, share contact info with other drivers and anyone with property damage.
824: If possible after a crash, take photos of the scene and vehicle damage before moving the vehicles. Get contact info from witnesses, driver's licence and insurance info from every driver, and the licence plate of every driver even if there's no apparent damage (you may not see it until later). If any of the vehicles are not from BC, get the name of the insurance company and the number of the insurance policy.
825: After a crash, stay back at least 10 m from a tree touching a wire, a wire touching a vehicle, or a wire touching the ground. If there's a fire or other hazard requiring you to exit a vehicle in contact with a downed wire, use the "jump and shuffle" technique. It's critically important to not be in contact with the vehicle and the ground at the same time because the current can flow through your body. > After a hybrid vehicle crashes, be aware there are high voltage wires running through parts of the vehicle.
826: After some people watched a video of a red car hitting a pedestrian, they were asked, "How fast was the car traveling when it passed the yield sign?" Even though the video showed a stop sign, the witnesses later described seeing a red car pass a yield sign. The misinformation hidden in the question led to an inaccurate memory of what was seen.
827: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 123: The police may direct traffic according to their discretion and everyone must obey that direction. > Harris v. Starr (1990): A motorist who is directed to drive on a specific path by the police, must ensure the police directions are safe to follow. If the driver blindly follows the police directions and crashes, he'll be partially liable for the crash.
828: Waving to tell another driver to go is not a good idea as that driver may proceed without looking for hazards. Nodding or looking down may sometimes be a better way to encourage another driver to proceed before you proceed. > Qualizza v. Lee (2007): A driver with the right-of-way gives up their right-of-way if they wave and invite another driver to go.
829: After a crash, do not assume blame as you may not understand the subtle legalities of who is at fault. If you apologize after a crash, the Apology Act of BC says your apology is not an admission of fault, but in other jurisdictions, it can be. If there's a possibility you have an injury, see a doctor. Do not say you're okay after a crash as you may not notice an injury until the pain arises after the initial shock passes.
830: Criminal Code of Canada Section 252 (1): After being in a crash, you must stop, share personal info, and offer assistance to an injured person. Trying to escape liability by not stopping may be an indictable offence that's punishable by up to 5 years in prison. If you don't crash, but others crash because of you, you must share the same info you'd need to share if you crashed.
831: You must report a crash to the police if anyone is killed or injured, or an impaired driver is involved, or it's a hit-and-run incident and you know the other vehicle's licence plate number (keep some paper and a pen beside the driver's seat so you're ready to write down a number), or your vehicle has been broken into or vandalized or stolen, or the total property damage appears to be more than $600 for motorcycles or $1000 for cars.
832: The police can issue a violation ticket up to 12 months after a crash. The ticket can be based on reliable witness testimony, camera footage, or an ICBC report. > The LA County Sheriff's Department executed a search warrant to obtain data from the black box in a vehicle that crashed while being driven by Tiger Woods. To obtain such a warrant, law enforcement is required to establish there was probable cause that a crime was committed, even if it's just a misdemeanor.
833: Personal injury lawyers often work on contingency fees. Some lawyers believe you're vulnerable after being injured in a crash because ICBC will ask for information that's intended to minimize the amount of your claim and your answers to seemingly harmless questions can damage your ability to recover what's reasonable.
834: Some lawyers say you should see a doctor within one or two days of a crash, even if it's a walk-in clinic. If you wait to see a doctor, ICBC may conclude your injuries are minor. See a doctor every few weeks at first, then every month or so. Keep a journal about how you feel each day. Non-attendance at your doctor may decrease the value of your claim.
835: You usually have 2 years after a crash to conclude all injury and vehicle repair claims, but time limits can vary. Be aware of any limitation periods that apply to your claim. You may need to take legal action to avoid having ICBC deny your claim due to a limitation period. > After your address changes, you must notify ICBC within 10 days so they can update your licence with your new address.
836: Since 1994, some vehicles have had Event Data Recorders (EDR's) for crash research, but since Sept-2014, all new vehicles have had EDR's that record speed, throttle position, airbag deployment times, steering angle, seatbelt use, brake use, and other variables which are not revealed by the vehicle manufacturers. The police can analyze an EDR after a crash to check whether the driver's statement was accurate.
Some of these Units are condensed (">" indicates a paragraph break) and some contain facts that are subject to change.

901: Here are some of the reasons ICBC may not accept a vehicle for a road test: 1) A cracked or illegally tinted windshield or windows; 2) Illuminated dash warning lights (air bag, etc.) that concern the safe operation of the vehicle; 3) Seatbelts not working or frayed; 4) Brake lights, signal lights, or headlights not working or with badly cracked or missing lenses.

902: Here are some of the reasons ICBC may not accept a vehicle for a road test: 1) The vehicle is improperly licensed or insured; 2) The vehicle has unsafe or illegal modifications; 3) The vehicle's tires are unsafe; 4) The horn, the windows, or the doors are not operating (e.g. doors won't open from inside of vehicle); 5) The gas tank or the battery charge is too low.
903: Audio, video, and other recording devices cannot be used during the road test. GPS and navigation systems must be turned off. Using these devices could lead to the cancellation of the road test. > Other than guide dogs and service dogs, pets are not permitted on a road test or in ICBC driver licensing offices. This includes emotional support animals.
904: The following manoeuvres are part of the ICBC Class 7 road test: Left Turns, Right Turns, Straight Through Intersections, General Driving, Vehicle Handling which includes the following: Pre-trip, Hill Park, Start Park, Parallel Park, U-turn, Pull Over, Listing Hazards, Backing, End of Test Park. Each maneuver has an error cutoff and that maneuver is failed if the error cutoff is reached.
905: The ICBC definition of a "Dangerous Action" road test failure: A driver's action or lack of action which could result in a collision or loss of control of the vehicle. The examiner or another vehicle must take action to prevent a collision. > The ICBC definition of a "Violation" road test failure: The driver's behaviour exceeds the acceptable range in the road test criteria and is typically a ticketable offense (e.g. not stopping at red light).
906: The ICBC definition of an "Other" road test failure: Driver's inability to operate equipment once road test has begun, unwilling or unable to perform a manoeuvre, hitting objects, or driving over curbs or sidewalks. > The ICBC definition of a "Skills" road test failure: Driver's inability to meet minimum criteria for the required skills.
907: The Units that follow contain the ICBC definitions for the various skills checked during the road test. These skills are grouped in the following 5 categories which are listed down the left side of the road test sheet: Observation Skills (A1-A8), Space Margin Skills (B1-B14), Speed Skills (C1-C9), Steering Skills (D1-D4), Communication Skills (E1-E4).
908: A1 (Shoulder check): Prior to a change in direction, road position, or pulling away from the curb, check to make sure the blind spot on that side is clear by doing a shoulder check. A2 (Scan): Always scan when driving, especially when approaching areas where hazards may be present such as intersections and crosswalks.
909: A3 (Mirror check): Check your mirrors when changing lanes, turning, or pulling out from or over to the side of the road. A4 (360° check): Before backing up, look all around the vehicle (360 degrees) to ensure the surroundings are clear. A5 (Direction of travel): Keep your eyes facing the direction you are travelling or the direction you will be travelling.
910: A6 (Backing): When reversing, observe in that direction with occasional glances forward when necessary. > A7 (Hazard Perception): Identify anything in your driving environment that could be a hazard to you and other road users. > A8 (Other): This is for any other observational errors that are not listed.
911: B1 (Lane Position): Choose the appropriate, legal, and safe lane position that also provides good visibility and ensures safe space margins. B2 (Following Distance): Maintain a safe following distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you. B3 (Stopping too Close/Far): Leave an appropriate distance between your vehicle and any stopped vehicle in front of you.
912: B4 (Gap): Choose an appropriate space in traffic that doesn't cause other road users to adjust their speed and/or road position. Take safe gaps when traffic permits and when legally permitted. B5 (Blocks Crosswalk): Stop behind crosswalks to avoid blocking pedestrians from crossing. B6 (Turn Position): Maintain a suitable lane position during turns and enter the correct lane. Do not turn wide or cut the corner.
913: B7 (Occupied Crosswalk): Stop the vehicle before entering an occupied crosswalk. B8 (Manoeuvre Location): When changing lanes, turning, stopping, or parking, ensure vehicle is at a safe location. B9 (Other): This is for any other space margin errors that are not listed on the road test sheet.
914: B10 (Stop Position): Stop the correct distance from the legal stop position. For more details, refer to "Stopping at Intersections" in ICBC's "Learn to Drive Smart" guide. > B11 (Road Position in Parking Lots): When driving in a parking lot, position your vehicle to ensure it is visible, obey signs and posted instructions, and provide space for other road users.
915: B12 (3-Point Turn or U-turn): You must effectively and safely complete a 3-point turn. A motorcycle must complete a U-turn. Refer to ICBC's "Learn to Drive Smart" or "Learn to Ride Smart" guide. > B13 (Parking Margins): When parking, leave adequate space for other vehicles and objects, park close to the curb, do not cover pavement markings, and ensure you are following regulations.
916: B14 (Railroad Crossings for Motorcycles): If riding a motorcycle, cross train tracks at a safe angle to prevent tires from getting caught in the tracks. C1 (Speed Maintenance): Choose a speed that is consistent, within the speed limit, and appropriate for the conditions. C2 (Rolling Stop): Bring the vehicle to a complete stop when required at stop signs, red lights, and when exiting parking lots.
917: C3 (Amber Light): When a light changes to amber, you must stop before entering the intersection unless you are unable to safely stop in time. C4 (Acceleration/Deceleration): You must accelerate and decelerate smoothly, without stopping or slowing unnecessarily.
918: C5 (Shifting): You must select the most efficient gear and change gears safely and smoothly. Do not change gear directions (forward to reverse, reverse to park) while in motion. Do not coast in neutral or with the clutch pedal depressed on a manual transmission. C6 (Rolling Back): You must use the correct brake and gear control to prevent rolling back on a hill.
919: C7 (Other): Speed control errors that are not listed on the road test sheet. C8 (Cover Brake): When you see a potential hazard, take your foot off the accelerator and cover the brake in preparation to stop. When stopped, keep the brake applied until ready to proceed. C9 (Parking Brake): Fully apply the parking brake when parking and fully release it before moving.
920: D1 (General Steering): Maintain control of the steering wheel. Refer to "Steering" in ICBC's "Learn to Drive Smart" guide. Avoid angling the car or wheels to the left when waiting to turn left. D2 (Other): Steering errors that are not listed on the road test sheet. D3 (Steering Wheel Position): Turn your front wheels in the appropriate direction when parked on a hill. Do not initiate a turn with your hand inside the steering wheel.
921: D4 (Weight Transfer on a Motorcycle): When moving on a motorcycle, keep your feet on the foot pegs and maintain a proper riding position. E1 (Signal): Use your turn signal to let people know you are planning to turn, change lanes, pull out, or pull over. E2 (Timing): Signal well ahead of the intended action to provide plenty of warning, but not so far ahead as to confuse other road users.
922: E3 (Cancel): Cancel your signal after you complete a manoeuvre. E4 (Other): Communication errors that are not listed on the road test sheet. > This is the last Unit containing the ICBC definitions for the skills checked during the road test: Observation Skills (A1-A8), Space Margin Skills (B1-B14), Speed Skills (C1-C9), Steering Skills (D1-D4), Communication Skills (E1-E4).
923: If you fail your first passenger vehicle or motorcycle road test, you must wait at least 14 days before you retake the test; if you fail your second test, you must wait at least 30 days; if you fail your third or subsequent tests, you must wait at least 60 days. > If you're going to cancel or rebook a road test, give 48 hours notice to avoid a $25 cancellation fee.
924: An N-driver can only have one passenger in their vehicle except for immediate family members (spouse, children, step/foster relationships, grandparents, parents, siblings); however, this passenger limitation doesn't apply if a 25 years of age or older supervisor with a valid Class 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 licence sits beside the driver.
925: A driver may eventually need to complete a road test re-examination. For Class 5 and 7 drivers, this is called an Enhanced Road Assessment (ERA). The driver will receive a letter if an ERA is required. They have to complete the ERA within the time frame specified in the letter. ICBC driving examiners administer the ERA's on behalf of Road Safety BC and there is no fee charged for the assessment.
926: Here are the 3 most common reasons why a driver might be asked to complete an ERA: 1) A doctor reports a medical condition that may affect their fitness or ability to drive safely; 2) The results of a previous on-road assessment suggest a follow-up is necessary; 3) A collision report, police report, or other report indicates they may be unable or unsure how to handle a common driving situation.
927: Class 5 and 7 drivers with a medical condition that may affect the motor, cognitive, or sensory functions required for driving may be asked to complete an ERA in order to maintain their current licence. Referrals to the ERA are not made on the basis of a driver's age. Drivers of any age may be asked to complete an ERA. > The ERA appointment takes approximately 90 minutes.
928: If a driver doesn't comply with the ERA, their existing driver's licence is cancelled and is no longer valid. It's a legal requirement to complete the ERA. If a driver chooses to retire from driving instead of taking the ERA, they can exchange their driver's licence for a free British Columbia Identification Card (BCID). This can be done by booking an appointment to visit an ICBC driver licensing office.
929: After an ERA, the driver's results are reviewed along with other relevant information in their file. If there were any traffic violations, dangerous actions, or other safety concerns during the ERA, the driver is issued a learner's licence while their file is reviewed. The driver should bring a licensed person to their ERA appointment because an ERA driver cannot drive home on their own if they're issued a learner's licence.
930: A Class 5/7 licence is for vehicles with 2 axles including cars, vans, trucks, tow trucks; trailers or towed vehicles not exceeding 4,600 kg; motor homes including those with more than 2 axles; passenger vehicles used as school buses with a seating capacity of 10 people or less including the driver; utility vehicles; construction vehicles; and motorcycles with a maximum 50 cc or 1.5 kW motor.
931: If you drive without a valid driver's or learner's licence, or without the proper class of licence, or contrary to any licence restrictions such as the L or N rules, or contrary to other driving restrictions on an insurance policy (check the policy before driving a vehicle), you may breach the vehicle's insurance coverage and a lawsuit could financially ruin you and those legally responsible for you.
932: As of May-01-2021 in BC, lawyers are generally no longer involved in crash claims with ICBC because there are predetermined amounts for claims. People involved in crashes can only sue the driver at fault if that driver is convicted of a driving offense or that driver's vehicle is found to be faulty. By removing lawyers and legal fees from the system, ICBC is trying to reduce insurance premiums and enhance coverage.
933: ICBC insurance premiums are affected by the driver's claims history, optional insurance and deductibles, location, type of vehicle (age, make, model, repair cost), driver's experience, technology (anti-theft devices, auto braking to avoid a crash), and how the vehicle will be used. Here are some vehicle use categories: less than 5,000 km per year, pleasure, commuting, business, delivery. Driverless use of a vehicle (autopilot, smart summon) may breach insurance coverage.
934: ICBC insurance covers you in Canada and the United States only if you correctly rate the use of the vehicle, specify who drives the vehicle, ensure anyone who drives the vehicle has a valid licence, give correct information after a crash, don't drive if your licence is expired or suspended, and don't drive when impaired by alcohol or drugs.
935: There are a number of steps you can take with ICBC if you wish to appeal a decision about your claim. You can raise your concerns with your claim representative and/or their manager, and then ICBC's Claim Decision Review process. If you have exhausted the channels inside ICBC and are still dissatisfied, there are other options outside of ICBC such as the BC Office of the Ombudsperson.
936: The Civil Resolution Tribunal (CRT) is a decision-making body independent from ICBC. If you disagree with an aspect of your ICBC claim such as your entitlement to accident benefits or the fault assessment (when it results in a monetary loss), you may apply to the CRT for dispute resolution. CRT costs range from $75 to $200 depending on the type of claim.
937: The wholesale value of a vehicle (that's what ICBC pays if a vehicle is written-off after a crash) may be less than what you owe the bank for the vehicle loan. Limited Depreciation insurance (it's available with Comprehensive and Collision insurance) covers the difference between the wholesale value of the vehicle and what you still owe the bank.
938: Traffic laws are often different in other cities, provinces, or countries; therefore, check the laws for the places you intend to drive. > Florida Motor Vehicle Act: Don't enter an intersection or marked crosswalk unless there's space past the intersection or crosswalk for the vehicle you're driving so you don't obstruct other vehicles or pedestrians. > In Florida (Jun-22-2017), the driver of a car that was hit while blocking an intersection was blamed for the death of someone in the other car.
Some of these Units are condensed (">" indicates a paragraph break) and some contain facts that are subject to change.
A01: You need to bring a safe, reliable vehicle for your ICBC road test. Your vehicle's interior must be scent-free, clean, and free of any items that may affect health and safety. If it isn't safe (seatbelts not working, outstanding serious vehicle safety recall, etc.) or it doesn't meet legal requirements, ICBC may cancel your road test. Your road test vehicle must have Canadian licence plates.
A02: For your ICBC road test, if you plan to use a vehicle from a car sharing co-op or company and are not the named member, you must provide a letter from the company authorizing you to use the vehicle for the test. The letter must be written on original letterhead, dated, and signed by a representative of the company. A new letter must be produced for each road test attempt.
A03: You can tell the examiner if you want to chat casually during the road test or if you'd rather not be distracted with unnecessary conversation. The examiner won't ask you to do anything illegal or try to trick you. You'll get lots of warning for turns. If your examiner doesn't tell you to turn, follow the road you're on. If you're not sure what you're being asked to do or where you're going, you can ask for clarification.
A04: Before the road test, you can ask questions such as these: 1) Can I have the stereo on? 2) Can I have the window down? 3) Can I wear sunglasses? 4) What happens if I turn the wrong way? 5) Can I take one hand off the wheel to scratch my nose for a second? 6) If I get too stressed, can I pull over for a minute? 7) If I don't know street names, is that going to be a problem? 8) Can I ask about parking?
A05: Here are some ICBC road test tips: 1) Keep to the posted speed limit; 2) Watch out for school and playground zones; 3) When you turn right, shoulder check right to see if there are cyclists, pedestrians or other road users in your blind spot; 4) Stop fully at stop signs and red lights. When it's safe, scan the intersection and proceed slowly; 5) When changing lanes or direction, check mirror, use turn signal, and shoulder check.
A06: Here are some ICBC road test tips: 1) Always keep a safe distance from other road users; 2) Scan intersections before driving through them, even if the traffic light is green; 3) When merging on a freeway, use the acceleration lane to get up to the speed of the traffic (don't exceed speed limit), then merge when it's safe; 4) Drive according to road conditions.
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