Read all of the Fact Units on this page and note each
sentence that contains a "silly error". Here
is an example:
Fact Unit contains a "silly error" sentence:
driving a vehicle, check the insurance papers to ensure
they are valid and there are no restrictions excluding
you from driving the vehicle. Before parking a vehicle,
hide valuables in the trunk, under a seat, or on the
roof. Since thieves can watch vehicles park and target
a vehicle if they see what's in the trunk, put valuables
in the trunk before you arrive at the parking lot.
is what you need to note:
parking a vehicle, hide valuables in the trunk, under
a seat, or on the roof.
An ABS vehicle, with the brakes applied fully, shudders and the
brake pedal vibrates because the brakes pulse many times a second.
You can steer an ABS vehicle with the brakes applied fully because
the brakes won't lock the wheels, but you can skid off a road in
a curve if you're driving too fast for the available friction. Because
ABS prevents the wheels from locking up, and because the friction
of tires rotating at the threshold just before locking up is greater
than the friction of locked sliding tires, ABS can decrease stopping
distances on firm surfaces.
If the ABS warning light comes on due to a malfunction, or if you
are driving a vehicle with standard brakes, the vehicle will not
respond to your steering if the front wheels lock up after heavy
braking (front wheels must rotate to steer vehicle). If an obstacle
appears ahead when you're driving with standard brakes or malfunctioning
ABS, brake hard in a straight line; and then, release the brakes
before the obstacle and focus on the available space (not the obstacle)
when steering around it.
On deformable surfaces (snow, gravel, leaves, sand, etc.), ABS may
increase stopping distance by up to 30% because an ABS braked wheel
(unlike a standard brake's locked wheel) can't dig into the loose
surface, push a mound of the surface material in front of the wheels,
and contact the solid road bed under the loose surface. Some off-road
drivers disable ABS (by removing the vehicle's ABS fuse) to decrease
their braking distances.
A vehicle can skid if you brake, accelerate, or steer too abruptly.
If the back of your vehicle skids sideways (oversteers), eliminate
any skid catalysts such as accelerating or braking, look and steer
in the direction you were travelling before the skid, and be ready
to correct any counterskids (fish-tailing). If your vehicle slides
straight ahead (understeers) when you steer, reduce the steering
angle of the front tires to help them resume rolling so they can
steer the vehicle.
A towel laid to cover the windshield of a parked car can prevent
frost from forming on the glass. Turning on the air conditioning
while turning on the defroster with heat can help clear foggy windows
without cooling the vehicle, but up to 25% more fuel is used to
run the air conditioning components. To avoid using the air conditioning
to reduce the humidity of the air inside the vehicle, set the ventilation
control to bring in less humid outside air or partly open the windows.
Avoid driving when the sun is low on the horizon ahead of you because
the glare affects your ability to see what's ahead and a driver
behind you may not see you. Avoid driving when the sun is low behind
you because anyone approaching you or entering the road from a driveway
or intersection ahead of you may not see you. To minimize glare,
periodically clean the inside and outside of your windshield. Even
if the inside of the windshield looks clean, there can be an invisible
film caused by the off-gassing of the interior components of the
passenger compartment. This film increases glare and entertains
Kringhaug v. Men
(2021): A mother was standing in the driveway of a townhouse complex
supervising children riding bikes. When a driver entered the complex,
the mother directed the children to move off the driveway. One child
did not move, so the mother walked towards him with her back to
the oncoming vehicle. The driver was blinded by the sun shining
into her eyes (confirmed by a dash cam). Despite being unable to
see, she continued to drive and struck the mother. The judge ruled
that the driver was 100% at fault because she continued driving
when her view was obstructed.
Braking distance can increase up to 10 times on ice. Temperatures
near freezing are more dangerous than colder temperatures because
ice may form unexpectedly and not be visible. If you are driving
on snow or ice in a vehicle that doesn't have ABS and the wheels
lock while braking, rapidly apply and release the brakes (pump the
brakes) to help maintain steering control.
Not clearing snow off a vehicle can result in 3 violation tickets:
snow on windows blocks view, snow on surfaces is an unsecure load,
snow on licence plate obstructs it. BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations
Section 35.04: Secure any load so it cannot leak, blow off, fall
from, spill, or shift and affect the vehicle's manoeuvrability.
If a load extends more than 1.2 m past the rear of a vehicle, display
a red flag on the back of the load during daylight hours and a red
light at night.
Small cars, motorcycles, taller vehicles, campers, trailers, and
mountains can be blown into your path in locations with crosswinds.
Turbulence from passing trucks can move vehicles or planets. As
you approach large vehicles, keep a steady grip on the steering
wheel and be aware that water or slush on the road can be thrown
onto your windows, so turn on the wipers before the splash occurs.
Briefly flashing your high beams may warn others to dim theirs,
but if they don't and the bright lights approach, you can make a
viewing slit with your fingers, squint, or focus on the edge of
the road to stay in your lane. If the bright lights are behind you,
set your mirror in the night position. Don't just look for lights
at night, also look for motion (vehicles with lights off, cyclists,
pedestrians, animals, etc.).
If your tire blows, avoid abrupt braking or steering as this may
cause a skid; instead, grip the steering wheel firmly, ease off
the accelerator, brake gently, and pull over with the hazard lights
flashing. Safe-T-Plus is an aftermarket steering control device
for heavier vehicles that helps the driver maintain steering control
after a tire blows or they drift onto the shoulder.
Before driving, check the floor mat's position to ensure it doesn't
interfere with the pedals. If the accelerator pedal sticks while
driving, try lifting it with your toe, but if this doesn't help,
shift to "N" (don't use the shift release which allows
you to shift to "R") to disconnect the engine from the
driven wheels. If the accelerator is pressed to the floor when you
shift to "N", you can damage an engine that doesn't have
a rev limiter.
In areas where wildlife may be present, you can use the left lane
to increase the space between your vehicle and the side of the road
where wildlife may suddenly appear; however, if a vehicle approaches
you from behind when the speed limit is 80 km/h or higher and traffic
is moving at least 50 km/h, you must move right when safe to do
so and allow that vehicle to pass unless you're passing traffic,
or helping traffic merge, or avoiding a hazard, or keeping space
from a stopped emergency vehicle.
Making a noise (tapping on hood, sounding horn, etc.) before starting
a vehicle's engine can help scare away a cat or other animal hiding
inside the engine compartment. This saves the animal from being
injured when the engine starts. Wildlife often moves around to feed
or read books at dusk and dawn. Unusual spots of light at night
may be the reflection of your headlights off an animal's eyes. Scan
the sides of the road ahead and know that animals often move in
herds, so if you see one, there may be others.
Before crossing a center line to pass a vehicle, look well ahead
for oncoming traffic, ensure no one is passing you, and look for
driveways and intersections ahead on both the left and the right
as a driver could turn into your path. If you drive on a gravel
shoulder to avoid an oncoming vehicle on your side of the road,
do not abruptly steer or abruptly brake as this can cause a skid.
BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 157: Except in any place where passing
on the right is permitted, when the driver of a vehicle being passed
hears the horn of a passing vehicle, the driver being passed must
cause their vehicle to give way to the right in favour of the passing
vehicle and must not increase speed until after being completely
passed by the other vehicle.
Because Kinetic Energy = ½mv², as the speed of a vehicle
increases, the stopping distance and the severity of a crash increase
exponentially; for example, travel 2 times faster and the crash
forces are 4 times greater; travel 3 times faster and the crash
forces are 9 times greater; travel 4 times faster and the crash
forces are 16 times greater.
Do the following after a crash: shift to "P" if possible,
apply the parking brake and turn off the engine, avoid moving if
injured unless necessary for safety, protect the scene from other
vehicles, call 911 if needed, help others if you can, get contact
info from witnesses even if the vehicle damage is minor, take photos
of the crash scene and any vehicle damage, share driver's licence
and insurance info with other drivers and anyone with property damage.
If any of the vehicles are not from BC, get the name of the insurance
company and the number of the insurance policy.
820: After a
crash, make notes concerning date, time, location, weather and
road conditions, direction each vehicle was travelling, and lane
for each vehicle. If no one has a dash camera, witness testimony
may determine who is at fault, but witnesses can be unreliable.
In one study, after participants watched a video of a red car
hitting a pedestrian, they were asked, "How fast was the
car traveling when it passed the yield sign?" Even though
the video showed a stop sign, the witnesses later described seeing
a red car pass a yield sign. The misinformation hidden in the
question led to an inaccurate memory of what was seen.
After a crash, stay back at least 10 m from a tree touching a wire,
a wire touching a vehicle, or a wire touching the ground. If there's
a fire or other hazard requiring you to exit a vehicle in contact
with a downed wire, use the "jump and shuffle" technique.
It's critically important to not be in contact with the vehicle
and the ground at the same time because the current can flow through
your body. After a hybrid vehicle crashes, be aware there are high
voltage wires running through parts of the vehicle.
BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 123: The police may direct traffic
according to their discretion and everyone must obey that direction.
In the case of Harris v. Starr (1990), the judge ruled that a motorist
who is directed to drive on a specific path by the police, must
ensure the police directions are safe to follow. If the driver blindly
follows the police directions and crashes, he'll be partially liable
for the crash.
Waving to tell another driver to go is not a good idea as that driver
may proceed without looking for hazards. Nodding or looking down
may sometimes be a better way to encourage another driver to proceed
before you proceed. Qualizza v. Lee (2007): A driver with the right-of-way
gives up their right-of-way if they wave and invite another driver
After a crash, do not assume blame as you may not understand the
subtle legalities of who is at fault. If you apologize after a crash,
the Apology Act of BC says your apology is not an admission of fault,
but in other jurisdictions, it can be. If there's a possibility
you have an injury, see a doctor. Do not say you're okay after a
crash as you may not notice an injury until the pain arises after
the initial shock passes. The police can issue a violation ticket
up to 12 months after a crash. The ticket can be based on reliable
witness testimony, camera footage, or an ICBC report.
Criminal Code of Canada Section 252: After being in a crash, you
must stop, share personal info, and offer assistance to an injured
person. Trying to escape liability by not stopping may be an indictable
offence that's punishable by up to 5 years in prison. If you don't
crash, but others crash because of you, you must share the same
info you'd need to share if you crashed.
You must report a crash to the police if anyone is killed or injured,
or an impaired driver is involved, or it's a hit-and-run incident
and you know the other vehicle's licence plate number (keep some
paper and a pen beside the driver's seat so you're ready to write
down a number), or your vehicle has been broken into or vandalized
or stolen, or the total property damage appears to be more than
$600 for motorcycles or $1000 for cars.
Some lawyers say that you are vulnerable after being injured in
a crash because your answers to seemingly harmless questions can
affect your insurance settlement. Some lawyers say that you should
see a doctor within one or two days of a crash, even if it's a walk-in
clinic. If you wait to see a doctor, it may appear that your injuries
are minor. Keep a journal about how you feel each day.
Since 1994, some vehicles have had Event Data Recorders (EDRs) for
crash research, but since Sept-2014, all new vehicles have had EDRs
that record speed, throttle position, airbag deployment times, steering
angle, seatbelt use, brake use, and other variables. The police
can analyze an EDR to see if a driver's crash report is accurate.
The LA police executed a search warrant to obtain data from the
EDR in a crashed vehicle that was driven by Tiger Woods. To obtain
a warrant, the police have to establish there was probable cause
that a crime was committed, even if it's just a misdemeanor.
After your address changes, you must notify ICBC within 10 days
so they can update your licence with your new address. You usually
have 2 years after a crash to conclude all injury and vehicle repair
claims, but time limits can vary. Be aware of any limitation periods
that apply to your claim. You may need to take legal action to avoid
having ICBC deny your claim due to a limitation period.