Pacing: ICBC requires at least 1.5 hours be spent completing A-B-C. Each of the classes cannot be taken if the prerequisite Worksheets are not properly completed, so carefully follow all of the directions.
A > Worksheet 1: From the Worksheet 1 list, find the missing word for each Fact Unit below and put that word's first 3 letters (use CAPS) in the 3 brackets for that Unit. If you have any questions concerning any Fact Units, bring those questions to Day 2 of the course.
B > Back of Worksheet 1: Find a male driver who experienced a crash while he was driving and who's not been interviewed for this Worksheet. On the back of Worksheet 1, put the following: 1) year and age when crash occured, 2) crash description and diagram, 3) crash consequences, 4) strategies that could have prevented the crash, 5) driver's number for the 10 second exercise (tap "?" at
C > Notes for Worksheet 1: To prepare for the Exam, read the Units below and look for facts that you will need to remember while driving. If you can't remember some of those facts, write them in the Notes 1 section of the Worksheets (you can use your Notes during the Exam).
These Units are condensed (">" indicates a paragraph break). They provide additional facts for Chapters 1–2 of the ICBC Driving Manual.
101: If you want to head left on the next cross street without the risk of making a left turn at that cross street, you can drive straight through the intersection and make 3 right turns or loop right through a corner parking lot. Here's another strategy: turn ____ on the cross street, then at a safe location, turn left, do a U-turn, return to the cross street, and turn right on the cross street.
102: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 86: If a vehicle's owner gives expressed or implied ____ to someone to use the vehicle, the owner can be liable for a crash that occurs while that person is driving the vehicle. > Louis v. Esslinger (1981): The owner of a vehicle for sale allowed a prospective buyer to test drive it. The owner is liable for the driving negligence of the test driver.
103: An L-driver's supervisor should use a suction cup mirror and be prepared to control the vehicle from the passenger seat; for example, grab the bottom of the steering wheel to steer, use the parking brake (if it's between the front seats) with the release engaged to stop, shift from "D" to "___" (don't use the shift release so you don't mistakenly shift to "R") to disconnect the engine from the driven wheels. > A rev limiter protects an engine from over-revving.
104: A driver's torso needs to be at least the length of a sheet of letter size paper away from the airbag module (legal size paper for passenger). The height of the torso and the steering wheel tilt affect the airbag strike zone. Don't put a young child in a seat with an airbag. Each occupant should sit in the ____ of a seat with a side airbag and keep their arms close to the sides of their body so they're not in the deployment path of the air bag. A seatbelt is needed with an airbag.
105: Adjust your seat position to have a slight bend in your leg when the brake pedal is depressed and a slight bend in your arm while holding the top of the steering wheel. Have the back of your head close to the headrest with the top of the headrest at least level with the top of your head. Have the seat back as ____ as possible to minimize the amount of "submarining" under the seatbelt during a crash.
106: To reduce the risk of internal injuries during a crash, keep the lap belt ____ on the pelvic bone (not on the abdomen). Don't put the shoulder belt behind the back or under the arm. Ensure both the lap belt and the shoulder belt are snug and have no twists (a twisted seatbelt can cut like a knife during a crash). ICBC may deny an injury claim if a seatbelt is improperly adjusted.
107: All warning lights on the dash should briefly light up when you start the car so you can see if they work. Some lights (____ pressure, ABS, etc.) require a faster response than other warning lights (low fuel, etc.) if they come on while driving. Check the owner's manual to see how to respond to each warning light. > When the "Check Engine" warning light comes on, the vehicle may enter "limp mode".
108: Daytime running lights (DRL's) are dim headlights that shine when the engine is running and the parking brake is released. DRL's are dangerous at night or in poor visibility conditions because the headlights are too dim and the ____ lights are unlit. In many vehicles, you must turn on the headlights so the ____ lights will shine, but after Sept-2021, all new vehicles must have auto-on head and ____ lights.
109: Automatic transmission engines can only be started in "P" or "___" while the vehicle is stopped but only "___" while it's moving. If the engine stalls while moving, shift from "D" to "___" (don't use the shift release; otherwise, you may shift past "N"), turn the key to restart the engine, and shift back to "D" (don't use the shift release; otherwise, you may shift past "D"). > Some standard transmission engines won't start until the clutch is pushed to the floor. > Be aware of jumper cable risks for vehicles and bystanders.
110: To enhance vehicle handling and fuel economy, periodically check the tire pressure because air can slowly leak through a tire's structure. Check the tire pressure when the tires are cold (not driven for at least 2 hrs). The ____ pressure for a tire is specified on the tire's sidewall. The recommended pressure is specified in the owner's manual or on a sticker somewhere on vehicle.
111: A vehicle requires a periodic check of the following: fluid levels (windshield washer, power steering, brake, ____ but don't overfill, coolant, transmission or clutch on some vehicles, brake), tire pressure and condition, condition of wipers, lights (turn signals, reverse, headlights including their alignment, side marker, brake, licence plate, tail lights). > It's illegal to drive with a broken tail light displaying white light.
112: When driving a vehicle with a standard transmission, it's illegal to coast down a hill in "N" or with the clutch pedal depressed. You need to keep the engine engaged with the driven wheels to take advantage of engine ____ (the ability of an engine that's not being accelerated to act as drag on the driven wheels and help slow the vehicle).
113: With an automatic transmission, usually you shift to "D" and leave the gear shift in that position; however, you can downshift to "2" or "1" at specific speeds (check owner's manual) to help slow down, or when climbing a hill with a heavy load, or when driving on snow or ice. On some vehicles, you can shift to "____" at speeds above 40 km/h to save fuel.
114: Using "P" on a slope without using the parking brake stresses the parking pawl which locks the transmission's output shaft (connected to the driven wheels). This stress can damage the pawl or prevent it from releasing when trying to shift out of "P". When there's no traction under one tire on a hill, a vehicle can ____ in "P" because the vehicle's differential allows the driven wheels to turn in opposite directions.
115: The driver (even an L driver) is responsible for a police ticket. > The registered owner of the vehicle is responsible for a red light or speed camera ticket even if someone else was driving. If a camera ticket wasn't served or paid or disputed, the owner may be able to ____ responsibility to the driver if they agree and complete an Application for Driver Nomination form that's available from ICBC.
116: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 220: A seatbelt is not required while ____, or if the driver's work involves frequently entering and exiting the vehicle and its speed doesn't exceed 40 km/h, or if the driver has a medical exemption certificate. If a seat belt consists of a pelvic restraint and a separate upper torso restraint (found on some older vehicles), only the pelvic restraint must be worn.
117: BC Motor Vehicle Act Section 220: The driver will receive a ticket for each younger-than-16 passenger who is ____ restrained for their age and size. The driver must ensure the seatbelt is properly adjusted for each younger-than-16 passenger. > Some police have said they'd ticket the driver if a passenger of any age was ____ restrained. > It's illegal to smoke inside a vehicle if any passenger is younger than 16.
118: Keep children in the ____ seat and away from airbags until at least 12 years of age. The center ____ seat offers the most protection from side impacts, but if there's no headrest, it won't protect a taller person if the vehicle is rear-ended. If the center ____ seat doesn't have a shoulder belt, it won't adequately protect an occupant after a frontal collision. > Ceiling grab handles can injure occupants during a crash.
119: Secure objects in the trunk so they can't fly forwards into the passenger compartment during a crash. Here are some things to check in the trunk: spare tire condition and pressure (see ____ of space saver spare tire for maximum speed and recommended pressure), jack and handle, lug nut wrench, locking lug nut key, wheel blocks (optional), and reflective triangles.
120: Ensure all occupants and objects are secured in place. Occupants (including pets) and objects in a vehicle (or its ____ or on outside racks) can injure or kill others as they fly around during a crash or hard braking. In 2009, a 25 year old driver in Surrey was killed in a crash after being struck in the back of her head and neck by a laptop which was on the back seat of her car.
121: During a crash, ____ pets can injure occupants. Most of the pet safety harnesses tested by the Center for Pet Safety showed a catastrophic failure after a crash. A properly designed safety harness must keep the pet on the seat, protect the spine by minimizing side movement on impact, and stop the head from hitting the back of the front seat after a crash.
122: From birth until a child is at least a year old and weighs at least 20 lbs, put the child's seat in the middle back seat position so there's space between the child seat and the vehicle's front-back-side impact areas. A child seat must face the rear of the vehicle as long as possible; that is, until the child's ____ is no longer adequately supported by the seat's back.
123: When a child weighs at least 40 lbs, use a booster seat in the back seat with a lap and shoulder belt. Position the lap belt ____ on the hips and the shoulder belt over the midpoint of the shoulder (don't use a booster seat with only a lap belt). The child should use a booster seat until at least 9 years of age or 4' 9" height (whichever comes first). Warn the child about the danger of any side airbags.
124: ____ driving a vehicle, check the insurance papers to ensure they are valid and there are no restrictions excluding you from driving the vehicle. > ____ parking a vehicle, hide valuables in the trunk or under a seat. Since thieves can watch vehicles park and target a vehicle if they see what's in the trunk, consider putting valuables in the trunk before you arrive at the parking lot.
125: White reverse lights on your vehicle help you see behind at night. White reverse lights on another vehicle warn you when the driver has shifted into reverse. Before and while you reverse when visibility is limited, give warning taps on the horn and move at a "dead ____" speed. Some vehicles have warning beeps that sound when the vehicle is in "R".
126: BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 35.04: You must ____ every load so it can't leak, blow off, fall through, fall from, spill, be dislodged, or shift in a way that affects the stability or manoeuvrability of the vehicle. > If a load extends more than 1.2 m past the rear of a vehicle, display a red flag on the back of the load during daylight hours and a red light at night.
127: BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 3.02, 3.03: A licence plate must be horizontal and unobstructed (dirt, foreign material, etc). It must be ____ photographable by a speed monitoring or traffic light camera. Even though it's legal to sell or buy a licence plate cover, it's illegal to use a cover that doesn't allow a traffic camera to ____ photograph the licence plate.
128: Don't use cruise control on a wet, icy, or slippery surface. When a vehicle's driven wheels (connected to the engine via the transmission) lose grip or hydroplane, you may ____ because the cruise control will apply continuous power and cause the driven wheels to spin faster. By the time you're able to disengage the cruise control, it may be too late as you may already have lost control.
129: A parking brake is the regular rear brakes (front wheels on some Citroens and Saab's) or two separate rear wheel drum brakes. A parking brake is actuated by an electric motor at each rear brake or by a ____ that's tightened by a hand lever or pedal or electric motor. > BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 5.03: A vehicle's parking brake must be able to stop the vehicle and to hold it stationary.
130: If moisture freezes inside the housing for a parking brake cable, you may not be able to release the brake. If a parking brake is never ____, corrosion inside the parking brake cable housing can make the brake unusable. > In some situations, drivers chock their tires to prevent the vehicle from rolling instead of using the parking brake.
131: Underinflated tires compromise vehicle handling and ____ rolling resistance and fuel use. An unevenly worn tire may be a sign of improper air pressure, tire and wheel balance, shock absorber condition, or wheel alignment (hitting a curb or pothole can affect alignment). Replace a tire with a cut, bulge, exposed belt, or crack. > Don't ignore peculiar sounds or feelings from a vehicle.
132: From ____ 1 until March 31 on some BC roads, heavy trucks must have chains and passenger vehicles must have winter tires (either mud and snow tires which have an "M + S" on the tire's sidewall, or snow tires which have the image of a snowflake on a 3-peaked mountain). Because winter tires are made of softer rubber to enhance grip, they wear down faster than regular tires.
133: BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 7.162: Don't use a winter tire that has less than 3.5 mm of tread depth across the width of the tire. > BC Motor Vehicle Act Regulations Section 7.161: Don't use a regular tire that has less than 1.5 mm of tread depth at any two points within 38 cm of each other, or when the tread ____ indicators in two adjacent grooves contact the road surface.
134: A cracked or stone damaged windshield has reduced structural integrity in a crash. This damage can affect the performance of the front ____ airbag because that airbag is directed by the windshield towards the front seat ____. If the windshield is damaged, it may not have adequate strength to direct the airbag towards the ____.
135: A screeching noise when a disc brake is applied or a ____ noise while driving may be a brake wear indicator (a metal tab that contacts the brake rotor when the brake pads are too worn). Replace the pads as soon as possible to avoid damaging the brake rotor. > Drum brakes are sometimes found on the back wheels of less expensive vehicles. Drum brakes are less efficient than disc brakes.
136: The alphanumeric code on the sidewall of a tire specifies variables such as the tire's size, type, load index, wear rating, and its maximum ____. Here are some ____ ratings given in km/h: M=130, N=140, P=150, Q=160, R=170, S=180, T=190, U=200, H=210, V=240, W=270, Y=300. > Some tires are specifically designed for police requirements.
137: One out of every two Canadians owns a car or light truck and drives an average of 20,000 km per year (consider this average when buying a used vehicle as it may have above average ____). Two-thirds of the common air pollutants in the Lower Fraser Valley are from cars and light duty trucks. On average, a vehicle emits more than 4 tons of pollutants each year.
138: To reduce vehicle emissions, use a fuel efficient vehicle, keep the engine tuned, change the oil regularly, keep the air filter clean, ensure the air conditioning system has no leaks, fix oil leaks, and use low rolling resistance tires. An idling engine (some bylaws limit idling time to ___ minutes) can damage the vehicle and is bad for the environment.
139: The check engine warning light is a signal from the engine computer that something is wrong with vehicle. The 5 most common reasons for the check engine light staying on concern the following vehicle parts that affect emissions and the ____: oxygen sensor, loose or faulty gas cap, spark plugs or wires, catalytic convertor, mass airflow sensor.
140: The catalytic converter in a vehicle's exhaust pipe works at 426 C to convert harmful exhaust gases into inert ones (carbon dioxide, etc.) and water vapour. The catalyst is often a mix of precious metals like platinum, palladium, and/or rhodium. A hot catalytic convertor can start a fire if it contacts a flammable material such as leaves or grass ____ a parked vehicle.
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